“Take possession of the land”

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34,16 And JEHOVAH spoke unto Moses, saying: 34,17 ‘These are the names of the men that shall take possession of the land for you: Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun. 34,18 And ye shall take one prince of every tribe, to take possession of the land. 34,19 And these are the names of the men: of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh.
34,20 And of the tribe of the children of Simeon, Shemuel the son of Ammihud.
34,21 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad the son of Chislon.
34,22 And of the tribe of the children of Dan a prince, Bukki the son of Jogli.
34,23 Of the children of Joseph: of the tribe of the children of Manasseh a prince, Hanniel the son of Ephod;
34,24 and of the tribe of the children of Ephraim a prince, Kemuel the son of Shiphtan.
34,25 And of the tribe of the children of Zebulun a prince, Eli-zaphan the son of Parnach.
34,26 And of the tribe of the children of Issachar a prince, Paltiel the son of Azzan.
34,27 And of the tribe of the children of Asher a prince, Ahihud the son of Shelomi.
34,28 And of the tribe of the children of Naphtali a prince, Pedahel the son of Ammihud.
34,29 These are they whom JEHOVAH commanded to divide the inheritance unto the children of Israel in the land of Canaan.’ {P}

unto you have I given the land to possess it

NUMBERS 33,50 And JEHOVAH spoke unto Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, saying: 33,51 ‘Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When ye pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 33,52 then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their figured stones, and destroy all their molten images, and demolish all their high places. 33,53 And ye shall drive out the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein; for unto you have I given the land to possess it

“These are the stages”

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33,1 These are the stages
of the children of Israel, by which they went forth out of the land of Egypt by their hosts under the hand of Moses and Aaron. 33,2 And Moses wrote their goings forth, stage by stage, by the commandment of JEHOVAH; and these are their stages at their goings forth. 33,3 And they journeyed
from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians, 33,4 while the Egyptians were burying them that JEHOVAH had smitten among them, even all their first-born; upon their gods also JEHOVAH executed judgments. 33,5 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth. 33,6 And they journeyed
from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness. 33,7 And they journeyed
from Etham, and turned back unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baal-zephon; and they pitched before Migdol. 33,8 And they journeyed
from Penehahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness; and they went three days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah. 33,9 And they journeyed
from Marah, and came unto Elim; and in Elim were twelve springs of water, and threescore and ten palm-trees; and they pitched there. 33,10 And they journeyed
from Elim, and pitched by the Red Sea. 33,11 And they journeyed
from the Red Sea, and pitched in the wilderness of Sin. 33,12 And they journeyed
from the wilderness of Sin, and pitched in Dophkah. 33,13 And they journeyed
from Dophkah, and pitched in Alush. 33,14 And they journeyed
from Alush, and pitched in Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink. 33,15 And they journeyed
from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai. 33,16 And they journeyed
from the wilderness of Sinai, and pitched in Kibroth-hattaavah. 33,17 And they journeyed
from Kibroth-hattaavah, and pitched in Hazeroth. 33,18 And they journeyed
from Hazeroth, and pitched in Rithmah. 33,19 And they journeyed
from Rithmah, and pitched in Rimmon-perez. 33,20 And they journeyed
from Rimmon-perez, and pitched in Libnah. 33,21 And they journeyed
from Libnah, and pitched in Rissah. 33,22 And they journeyed
from Rissah, and pitched in Kehelah. 33,23 And they journeyed
from Kehelah, and pitched in mount Shepher. 33,24 And they journeyed
from mount Shepher, and pitched in Haradah. 33,25 And they journeyed
from Haradah, and pitched in Makheloth. 33,26 And they journeyed
from Makheloth, and pitched in Tahath. 33,27 And they journeyed
from Tahath, and pitched in Terah. 33,28 And they journeyed
from Terah, and pitched in Mithkah. 33,29 And they journeyed
from Mithkah, and pitched in Hashmonah. 33,30 And they journeyed
from Hashmonah, and pitched in Moseroth. 33,31 And they journeyed
from Moseroth, and pitched in Bene-jaakan. 33,32 And they journeyed
from Bene-jaakan, and pitched in Hor-haggidgad. 33,33 And they journeyed
from Hor-haggidgad, and pitched in Jotbah. 33,34 And they journeyed
from Jotbah, and pitched in Abronah. 33,35 And they journeyed
from Abronah, and pitched in Ezion-geber. 33,36 And they journeyed
from Ezion-geber, and pitched in the wilderness of Zin–the same is Kadesh. 33,37 And they journeyed
from Kadesh, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.– 33,38 And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of JEHOVAH, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fifth month, on the first day of the month. 33,39 And Aaron was a hundred and twenty and three years old when he died in mount Hor. {S}
33,40 And the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the South in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the children of Israel.– 33,41 And they journeyed
from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmonah. 33,42 And they journeyed
from Zalmonah, and pitched in Punon. 33,43 And they journeyed
from Punon, and pitched in Oboth. 33,44 And they journeyed
from Oboth, and pitched in Ije-abarim, in the border of Moab. 33,45 And they journeyed
from Ijim, and pitched in Dibon-gad. 33,46 And they journeyed
from Dibon-gad, and pitched in Almon-diblathaim. 33,47 And they journeyed
from Almon-diblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim, in front of Nebo. 33,48 And they journeyed
from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. 33,49 And they pitched by the Jordan, from Beth-jeshimoth even unto Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab. {S}

“We will pass over armed before JEHOVAH” said Jesus (Matot.vi-vii)

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32,1 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle;
and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place was a place for cattle, 32,2 the children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spoke unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation, saying:
32,3 ‘Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Sebam, and Nebo, and Beon, 32,4 the land which JEHOVAH smote before the congregation of Israel, is a land for cattle, and thy servants have cattle.’ {S}
32,5 And they said: ‘If we have found favour in thy sight, let this land be given unto thy servants for a possession; bring us not over the Jordan.’ 32,6 And Moses said unto the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben: ‘Shall your brethren go to the war, and shall ye sit here? 32,7 And wherefore will ye turn away the heart of the children of Israel from going over into the land which JEHOVAH hath given them?
32,8 Thus did your fathers, when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land. 32,9 For when they went up unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they turned away the heart of the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which JEHOVAH had given them. 32,10 And JEHOVAH’S anger was kindled in that day, and He swore, saying: 32,11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I swore unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed Me; 32,12 save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, and Joshua the son of Nun; because they have wholly followed JEHOVAH. 32,13 And JEHOVAH’S anger was kindled against Israel, and He made them wander to and fro in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of JEHOVAH, was consumed. 32,14 And, behold, ye are risen up in your fathers’ stead, a brood of sinful men, to augment yet the fierce anger of JEHOVAH toward Israel. 32,15 For if ye turn away from after Him, He will yet again leave them in the wilderness; and so ye will destroy all this people.’ {S}
32,16 And they came near unto him, and said: ‘We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones;
32,17 but we ourselves will be ready armed to go before the children of Israel, until we have brought them unto their place; and our little ones shall dwell in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land. 32,18 We will not return unto our houses, until the children of Israel have inherited every man his inheritance. 32,19 For we will not inherit with them on the other side of the Jordan, and forward, because our inheritance is fallen to us on this side of the Jordan eastward.’ {P}

32,20 And Moses said unto them: ‘If ye will do this thing: if ye will arm yourselves to go before JEHOVAH to the war, 32,21 and every armed man of you will pass over the Jordan before JEHOVAH, until He hath driven out His enemies from before Him, 32,22 and the land be subdued before JEHOVAH, and ye return afterward; then ye shall be clear before JEHOVAH, and before Israel, and this land shall be unto you for a possession before JEHOVAH. 32,23 But if ye will not do so, behold, ye have sinned against JEHOVAH; and know ye your sin which will find you. 32,24 Build you cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep; and do that which hath proceeded out of your mouth.’ 32,25 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben spoke unto Moses, saying: ‘Thy servants will do as my JEHOVAH commandeth. 32,26 Our little ones, our wives, our flocks, and all our cattle, shall be there in the cities of Gilead; 32,27 but thy servants will pass over, every man that is armed for war, before JEHOVAH to battle, as my Lord saith.’ 32,28 So Moses gave charge concerning them to Eleazar the priest, and to Joshua the son of Nun, and to the heads of the fathers’ houses of the tribes of the children of Israel. 32,29 And Moses said unto them: ‘If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben will pass with you over the Jordan, every man that is armed to battle, before JEHOVAH, and the land shall be subdued before you, then ye shall give them the land of Gilead for a possession; 32,30 but if they will not pass over with you armed, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan.’ 32,31 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered, saying: ‘As JEHOVAH hath said unto thy servants, so will we do. 32,32 We will pass over armed before JEHOVAH into the land of Canaan, and the possession of our inheritance shall remain with us beyond the Jordan.’ 32,33 And Moses gave unto them, even to the children of Gad, and to the children of Reuben, and unto the half-tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land, according to the cities thereof with their borders, even the cities of the land round about. 32,34 And the children of Gad built Dibon, and Ataroth, and Aroer; 32,35 and Atroth-shophan, and Jazer, and Jogbehah; 32,36 and Beth-nimrah, and Beth-haran; fortified cities, and folds for sheep. 32,37 And the children of Reuben built Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kiriathaim; 32,38 and Nebo, and Baal-meon–their names being changed–and Sibmah; and gave their names unto the cities which they builded. 32,39 And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and dispossessed the Amorites that were therein. 32,40 And Moses gave Gilead unto Machir the son of Manasseh; and he dwelt therein. 32,41 And Jair the son of Manasseh went and took the villages thereof, and called them Havvoth-jair. 32,42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name. {P}

“To make atonement for our souls before JEHOVAH”

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31,42 And of the children of Israel’s half, which Moses divided off from the men that warred– 31,43 now the congregation’s half was three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand and five hundred sheep, 31,44 and thirty and six thousand beeves, 31,45 and thirty thousand and five hundred asses, 31,46 and sixteen thousand persons– 31,47 even of the children of Israel’s half, Moses took one drawn out of every fifty, both of man and of beast, and gave them unto the Levites, that kept the charge of the tabernacle of JEHOVAH; as JEHOVAH commanded Moses. 31,48 And the officers that were over the thousands of the host, the captains of thousands, and the captains of hundreds, came near unto Moses; 31,49 and they said unto Moses: ‘Thy servants have taken the sum of the men of war that are under our charge, and there lacketh not one man of us. 31,50 And we have brought JEHOVAH’S offering, what every man hath gotten, of jewels of gold, armlets, and bracelets, signet-rings, ear-rings, and girdles, to make atonement for our souls before JEHOVAH.’ 31,51 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of them, even all wrought jewels. 31,52 And all the gold of the gift that they set apart for JEHOVAH, of the captains of thousands, and of the captains of hundreds, was sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels.– 31,53 For the men of war had taken booty, every man for himself.– 31,54 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tent of meeting, for a memorial for the children of Israel before JEHOVAH. {P}

“Levy a tribute unto JEHOVAH of the men of war”

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31,25 And JEHOVAH spoke unto Moses, saying: 31,26 ‘Take the sum of the prey that was taken, both of man and of beast, thou, and Eleazar the priest, and the heads of the fathers’ houses of the congregation; 31,27 and divide the prey into two parts: between the men skilled in war, that went out to battle, and all the congregation; 31,28 and levy a tribute unto JEHOVAH of the men of war that went out to battle: one soul of five hundred, both of the persons, and of the beeves, and of the asses, and of the flocks; 31,29 take it of their half, and give it unto Eleazar the priest, as a portion set apart for JEHOVAH. 31,30 And of the children of Israel’s half, thou shalt take one drawn out of every fifty, of the persons, of the beeves, of the asses, and of the flocks, even of all the cattle, and give them unto the Levites, that keep the charge of the tabernacle of JEHOVAH.’ 31,31 And Moses and Eleazar the priest did as JEHOVAH commanded Moses.

31,32 Now the prey, over and above the booty which the men of war took, was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep, 31,33 and threescore and twelve thousand beeves, 31,34 and threescore and one thousand asses, 31,35 and thirty and two thousand persons in all, of the women that had not known man by lying with him. 31,36 And the half, which was the portion of them that went out to war, was in number three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand and five hundred sheep. 31,37 And JEHOVAH’S tribute of the sheep was six hundred and threescore and fifteen. 31,38 And the beeves were thirty and six thousand, of which JEHOVAH’S tribute was threescore and twelve. 31,39 And the asses were thirty thousand and five hundred, of which JEHOVAH’S tribute was threescore and one. 31,40 And the persons were sixteen thousand, of whom JEHOVAH’S tribute was thirty and two persons. 31,41 And Moses gave the tribute, which was set apart for JEHOVAH, unto Eleazar the priest, as JEHOVAH commanded Moses.

“Every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make to go through the fire”

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31,13 And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp. 31,14 And Moses was wroth with the officers of the host, the captains of thousands and the captains of hundreds, who came from the service of the war. 31,15 And Moses said unto them: ‘Have ye saved all the women alive? 31,16 Behold, these caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to revolt so as to break faith with JEHOVAH in the matter of Peor, and so the plague was among the congregation of JEHOVAH. 31,17 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him. 31,18 But all the women children, that have not known man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves. 31,19 And encamp ye without the camp seven days; whosoever hath killed any person, and whosoever hath touched any slain, purify yourselves on the third day and on the seventh day, ye and your captives. 31,20 And as to every garment, and all that is made of skin, and all work of goats’ hair, and all things made of wood, ye shall purify.’ {S}
31,21 And Eleazar the priest said unto the men of war that went to the battle: ‘This is the statute of the law which JEHOVAH hath commanded Moses: 31,22 Howbeit the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead, 31,23 every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make to go through the fire, and it shall be clean; nevertheless it shall be purified with the water of sprinkling; and all that abideth not the fire ye shall make to go through the water. 31,24 And ye shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and ye shall be clean, and afterward ye may come into the camp.’ {S}

An Act of War

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31,1 And JEHOVAH spoke unto Moses, saying: 31,2 ‘Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites; afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.’ 31,3 And Moses spoke unto the people, saying: ‘Arm ye men from among you for the war, that they may go against Midian, to execute JEHOVAH’S vengeance on Midian. 31,4 Of every tribe a thousand, throughout all the tribes of Israel, shall ye send to the war.’ 31,5 So there were delivered, out of the thousands of Israel, a thousand of every tribe, twelve thousand armed for war. 31,6 And Moses sent them, a thousand of every tribe, to the war, them and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, to the war, with the holy vessels and the trumpets for the alarm in his hand. 31,7 And they warred against Midian, as JEHOVAH commanded Moses; and they slew every male. 31,8 And they slew the kings of Midian with the rest of their slain: Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, the five kings of Midian; Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword. 31,9 And the children of Israel took captive the women of Midian and their little ones; and all their cattle, and all their flocks, and all their goods, they took for a prey. 31,10 And all their cities in the places wherein they dwelt, and all their encampments, they burnt with fire. 31,11 And they took all the spoil, and all the prey, both of man and of beast. 31,12 And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and unto Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp, unto the plains of Moab, which are by the Jordan at Jericho.

“Offer unto Me in its due season”

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28,1 And JEHOVAH spoke unto Moses, saying: 28,2 Command the children of Israel, and say unto them: My food which is presented unto Me for offerings made by fire, of a sweet savour unto Me, shall ye observe to offer unto Me in its due season.
28,3 And thou shalt say unto them: This is the offering made by fire which ye shall bring unto JEHOVAH: he-lambs of the first year without blemish, two day by day, for a continual burnt-offering. 28,4 The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at dusk; 28,5 and the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil. 28,6 It is a continual burnt-offering, which was offered in mount Sinai, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto JEHOVAH. 28,7 And the drink-offering thereof shall be the fourth part of a hin for the one lamb; in the holy place shalt thou pour out a drink-offering of strong drink unto JEHOVAH. 28,8 And the other lamb shalt thou present at dusk; as the meal-offering of the morning, and as the drink-offering thereof, thou shalt present it, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto JEHOVAH. {P}

28,9 And on the sabbath day two he-lambs of the first year without blemish, and two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with oil, and the drink-offering thereof. 28,10 This is the burnt-offering of every sabbath, beside the continual burnt-offering, and the drink-offering thereof. {P}

28,11 And in your new moons ye shall present a burnt-offering unto JEHOVAH: two young bullocks, and one ram, seven he-lambs of the first year without blemish; 28,12 and three tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with oil, for each bullock; and two tenth parts of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with oil, for the one ram; 28,13 and a several tenth part of fine flour mingled with oil for a meal-offering unto every lamb; for a burnt-offering of a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto JEHOVAH. 28,14 And their drink-offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bullock, and the third part of a hin for the ram, and the fourth part of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt-offering of every new moon throughout the months of the year. 28,15 And one he-goat for a sin-offering unto JEHOVAH; it shall be offered beside the continual burnt-offering, and the drink-offering thereof. {S}

Justice by lot

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…26,52 And JEHOVAH spoke unto Moses, saying: 26,53 ‘Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names. 26,54 To the more thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to the fewer thou shalt give the less inheritance; to each one according to those that were numbered of it shall its inheritance be given. 26,55 Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot; according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit. 26,56 According to the lot shall their inheritance be divided between the more and the fewer.’ {S}
26,57 And these are they that were numbered of the Levites after their families: of Gershon, the family of the Gershonites; of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites; of Merari, the family of the Merarites. 26,58 These are the families of Levi: the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, the family of the Korahites. And Kohath begot Amram. 26,59 And the name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt; and she bore unto Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister. 26,60 And unto Aaron were born Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. 26,61 And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before JEHOVAH. 26,62 And they that were numbered of them were twenty and three thousand, every male from a month old and upward; for they were not numbered among the children of Israel, because there was no inheritance given them among the children of
Israel. 26,63 These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. 26,64 But among these there was not a man of them that were numbered by Moses and Aaron the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. 26,65 For JEHOVAH had said of them: ‘They shall surely die in the wilderness.’ And there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. {S}
27,1 Then drew near the daughters of Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph; and these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Tirzah. 27,2 And they stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation, at the door of the tent of meeting, saying: 27,3 ‘Our father died in the wilderness, and he was not among the company of them that gathered themselves together against JEHOVAH in the company of Korah, but he died in his own sin; and he had no sons. 27,4 Why should the name of our father be done away from among his family, because he had no son? Give unto us a possession among the brethren of our father.’ 27,5 And Moses brought their cause before JEHOVAH. {P}

“For there is no enchantment with Jacob”

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23,13 And Balak said unto him: ‘Come, I pray thee, with me unto another place, from whence thou mayest see them; thou shalt see but the utmost part of them, and shalt not see them all; and curse me them from thence.’ 23,14 And he took him into the field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah, and built seven altars, and offered up a bullock and a ram on every altar. 23,15 And he said unto Balak: ‘Stand here by thy burnt-offering, while I go toward a meeting yonder.’ 23,16 And JEHOVAH met Balaam, and put a word in his mouth, and said: ‘Return unto Balak, and thus shalt thou speak.’ 23,17 And he came to him, and, lo, he stood by his burnt-offering, and the princes of Moab with him. And Balak said unto him: ‘What hath JEHOVAH spoken?’ 23,18 And he took up his parable, and said:

Arise, Balak, and hear; give ear unto me, thou son of Zippor: 23,19
God is not a man, that He should lie; neither the son of man, that He should repent: when He hath said, will He not do it? or when He hath spoken, will He not make it good? 23,20
Behold, I am bidden to bless; and when He hath blessed, I cannot call it back. 23,21
None hath beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath one seen perverseness in Israel; JEHOVAH his God is with him, and the shouting for the King is among them. 23,22
God who brought them forth out of Egypt is for them like the lofty horns of the wild-ox. 23,23
For there is no enchantment with Jacob, neither is there any divination with Israel; now is it said of Jacob and of Israel: ‘What hath God wrought!’ 23,24 Behold a people that riseth up as a lioness, and as a lion doth he lift himself up; he shall not lie down until he eat of the prey, and drink the blood of the slain.

23,25 And Balak said unto Balaam: ‘Neither curse them at all, nor bless them at all.’ 23,26 But Balaam answered and said unto Balak: ‘Told not I thee, saying: All that JEHOVAH speaketh, that I must do?’

“It is a people that shall dwell alone”

[The People of God are not like the people of the world.]

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22,39 And Balaam went with Balak, and they came unto Kiriath-huzoth. 22,40 And Balak sacrificed oxen and sheep, and sent to Balaam, and to the princes that were with him.
22,41 And it came to pass in the morning that Balak took Balaam, and brought him up into Bamoth-baal, and he saw from thence the utmost part of the people.

23,1 And Balaam said unto Balak: ‘Build me here seven altars, and prepare me here seven bullocks and seven rams.’ 23,2 And Balak did as Balaam had spoken; and Balak and Balaam offered on every altar a bullock and a ram. 23,3 And Balaam said unto Balak: ‘Stand by thy burnt-offering, and I will go; peradventure JEHOVAH will come to meet me; and whatsoever He showeth me I will tell thee.’ And he went to a bare height.
23,4 And God met Balaam; and he said unto Him: ‘I have prepared the seven altars, and I have offered up a bullock and a ram on every altar.’ 23,5 And JEHOVAH put a word in Balaam’s mouth, and said: ‘Return unto Balak, and thus thou shalt speak.’ 23,6 And he returned unto him, and, lo, he stood by his burnt-offering, he, and all the princes of Moab.

23,7 And he took up his parable, and said:

From Aram Balak bringeth me, the king of Moab from the mountains of the East: ‘Come, curse me Jacob, and come, execrate Israel.’ 23,8 How shall I curse, whom God hath not cursed? And how shall I execrate, whom JEHOVAH hath not execrated? 23,9 For from the top of the rocks I see him, and from the hills I behold him: lo, it is a people that shall dwell alone, and shall not be reckoned among the nations. 23,10 Who hath counted the dust of Jacob, or numbered the stock of Israel? Let me die the death of the righteous, and let mine end be like his!

23,11 And Balak said unto Balaam: ‘What hast thou done unto me? I took thee to curse mine enemies, and, behold, thou hast blessed them altogether.’ 23,12 And he answered and said: ‘Must I not take heed to speak that which JEHOVAH putteth in my mouth?’

“JEHOVAH opened the mouth of the ass”

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22,21 And Balaam rose up in the morning, and saddled his ass, and went with the princes of Moab.
22,22 And God’s anger was kindled because he went; and the angel of JEHOVAH placed himself in the way for an adversary against him.–Now he was riding upon his ass, and his two servants were with him.– 22,23 And the ass saw the angel of JEHOVAH standing in the way, with his sword drawn in his hand; and the ass turned aside out of the way, and went into the field; and Balaam smote the ass, to turn her into the way. 22,24 Then the angel of JEHOVAH stood in a hollow way between the vineyards, a fence being on this side, and a fence on that side. 22,25 And the ass saw the angel of JEHOVAH, and she thrust herself unto the wall, and crushed Balaam’s foot against the wall; and he smote her again. 22,26 And the angel of JEHOVAH went further, and stood in a narrow place, where was no way to turn either to the right hand or to the left. 22,27 And the ass saw the angel of JEHOVAH, and she lay down under Balaam; and Balaam’s anger was kindled, and he smote the ass with his staff.
22,28 And JEHOVAH opened the mouth of the ass, and she said unto Balaam: ‘What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these three times?’ 22,29 And Balaam said unto the ass: ‘Because thou hast mocked me; I would there were a sword in my hand, for now I had killed thee.’ 22,30 And the ass said unto Balaam: ‘Am not I thine ass, upon which thou hast ridden all thy life long unto this day? was I ever wont to do so unto thee?’ And he said: ‘Nay.’ 22,31 Then JEHOVAH opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of JEHOVAH standing in the way, with his sword drawn in his hand; and he bowed his head, and fell on his face. 22,32 And the angel of JEHOVAH said unto him: ‘Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass these three times? behold, I am come forth for an adversary, because thy way is contrary unto me; 22,33 and the ass saw me, and turned aside before me these three times; unless she had turned aside from me, surely now I had even slain thee, and saved her alive.’ 22,34 And Balaam said unto the angel of JEHOVAH: ‘I have sinned; for I knew not that thou stoodest in the way against me; now therefore, if it displease thee, I will get me back.’ 22,35 And the angel of JEHOVAH said unto Balaam: ‘Go with the men; but only the word that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak.’ So Balaam went with the princes of Balak. 22,36 And when Balak heard that Balaam was come, he went out to meet him unto Ir-moab, which is on the border of Arnon, which is in the utmost part of the border. 22,37 And Balak said unto Balaam: ‘Did I not earnestly send unto thee to call thee? wherefore camest thou not unto me? am I not able indeed to promote thee to honour?’ 22,38 And Balaam said unto Balak: ‘Lo, I am come unto thee; have I now any power at all to speak any thing? the word that God putteth in my mouth, that shall I speak.’

“Balaam refuseth to come”

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22,13 And Balaam rose up in the morning, and said unto the princes of Balak: ‘Get you into your land; for JEHOVAH refuseth to give me leave to go with you.’ 22,14 And the princes of Moab rose up, and they went unto Balak, and said: ‘Balaam refuseth to come with us.’ 22,15 And Balak sent yet again princes, more, and more honourable than they. 22,16 And they came to Balaam, and said to him: ‘Thus saith Balak the son of Zippor: Let nothing, I pray thee, hinder thee from coming unto me; 22,17 for I will promote thee unto very great honour, and whatsoever thou sayest unto me I will do; come therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people.’ 22,18 And Balaam answered and said unto the servants of Balak: ‘If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the word of JEHOVAH my God, to do any thing, small or great. 22,19 Now therefore, I pray you, tarry ye also here this night, that I may know what JEHOVAH will speak unto me more.’ 22,20 And God came unto Balaam at night, and said unto him: ‘If the men are come to call thee, rise up, go with them; but only the word which I speak unto thee, that shalt thou do.’

COMMENT: Up to this point, Balaam does not realize what his task is. He is merely bargaining for the best offer.

“Thou shalt not curse the people; for they are blessed”

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22,2 And Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites. 22,3 And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they were many; and Moab was overcome with dread because of the children of Israel. 22,4 And Moab said unto the elders of Midian: ‘Now will this multitude lick up all that is round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field.’–And Balak the son of Zippor was king of Moab at that time.– 22,5 And he sent messengers unto Balaam the son of Beor, to Pethor, which is by the River, to the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying: ‘Behold, there is a people come out from Egypt; behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me. 22,6 Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they are too mighty for me; peradventure I shall prevail, that we may smite them, and that I may drive them out of the land; for I know that he whom thou blessest is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.’ 22,7 And the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the rewards of divination in their hand; and they came unto Balaam, and spoke unto him the words of Balak. 22,8 And he said unto them: ‘Lodge here this night, and I will bring you back word, as JEHOVAH may speak unto me’; and the princes of Moab abode with Balaam. 22,9 And God came unto Balaam, and said: ‘What men are these with thee?’ 22,10 And Balaam said unto God: ‘Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, hath sent unto me [saying]: 22,11 Behold the people that is come out of Egypt, it covereth the face of the earth; now, come curse me them; peradventure I shall be able to fight against them, and shall drive them out.’ 22,12 And God said unto Balaam: ‘Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people; for they are blessed.’