Portion 32/33.iii “And if thy brother be waxen poor”

Leviticus Chapter 25
29 And if a man sell a dwelling-house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold; for a full year shall he have the right of redemption. 30 And if it be not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city shall be made sure in perpetuity to him that bought it, throughout his generations; it shall not go out in the jubilee. 31 But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them shall be reckoned with the fields of the country; they may be redeemed, and they shall go out in the jubilee. 32 But as for the cities of the Levites, the houses of the cities of their possession, the Levites shall have a perpetual right of redemption. 33 And if a man purchase of the Levites, then the house that was sold in the city of his possession, shall go out in the jubilee; for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel. 34 But the fields of the open land about their cities may not be sold; for that is their perpetual possession.
{S} 35 And if thy brother be waxen poor,* and his means fail with thee; then thou shalt uphold him:
as a stranger and a settler shall he live with thee.
36 Take thou no interest of him or increase; but fear thy God; that thy brother may live with thee. 37 Thou shalt not give him thy money upon interest, nor give him thy victuals for increase. 38 I am the LORD your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, to be your God. {S}

Prophets Reading 49: 1 Samuel 4 “The glory is departed from Israel”

1 Samuel Chapter 4

1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Eben-ezer; and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. 2 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel; and when the battle was spread, Israel was smitten before the Philistines; and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men. 3 And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said:

‘Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to-day before the Philistines?
Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of Shiloh
unto us, that He may come among us, and save us out of the hand of
our enemies.’

4 So the people sent to Shiloh, and they brought from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, who sitteth upon the cherubim; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God. 5 And when the ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang. 6 And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said:

‘What meaneth the noise of this great shout in the camp of the

And they knew that the ark of the LORD was come into the camp. 7 And the Philistines were afraid, for they said:

‘God is come into the camp.’

And they said:

‘Woe unto us! for there was not such a thing yesterday and the day
before. 8 Woe unto us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of
these mighty gods? these are the gods that smote the Egyptians
with all manner of plagues and in the wilderness. 9 Be strong, and
quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines, that ye be not
servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you; quit
yourselves like men, and fight.’

10 And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man to his tent; and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen. 11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain. 12 And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Shiloh the same day with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head. 13 And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon his seat by the wayside watching; for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told it, all the city cried out. 14 And when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said:

‘What meaneth the noise of this tumult?’

And the man made haste, and came and told Eli. 15 Now Eli was ninety and eight years old; and his eyes were set, that he could not see. 16 And the man said unto Eli:

‘I am he that came out of the army, and I fled to-day out of the

And he said:

‘How went the matter, my son?’

17 And he that brought the tidings answered and said:

‘Israel is fled before the Philistines, and there hath been also a
great slaughter among the people, and thy two sons also, Hophni
and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God is taken.’ {P}

18 And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off his seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck broke, and he died; for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years. 19 And his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, near to be delivered; and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and brought forth; for her pains came suddenly upon her. 20 And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said unto her:

‘Fear not; for thou hast brought forth a son.’

But she answered not, neither did she regard it. 21 And she named the child Ichabod, saying:

‘The glory is departed from Israel’;

because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father-in-law and her husband. 22 And she said:

‘The glory is departed from Israel; for the ark of God is
taken.’ {P}

Writings Reading 49:Psalms 49 “For too costly is the redemption of their soul”

Psalms Chapter 49

1 For the Leader; a Psalm of the sons of Korah.
2 Hear this, all ye peoples;
give ear, all ye inhabitants of the world,
3 Both low and high, rich and poor together.
4 My mouth shall speak wisdom, and the meditation of my heart shall be understanding.
5 I will incline mine ear to a parable;
I will open my dark saying upon the harp.
6 Wherefore should I fear in the days of evil, when the iniquity of my supplanters compasseth me about,
7 Of them that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches?
8 No man can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him–

9 For too costly is the redemption of their soul, and must be let alone for ever–

10 That he should still live alway, that he should not see the pit.
11 For he seeth that wise men die, the fool and the brutish together perish, {N}
and leave their wealth to others.
12 Their inward thought is, that their houses shall continue for ever, and their dwelling-places to all generations; {N}
they call their lands after their own names.
13 But man abideth not in honour;
he is like the beasts that perish.
14 This is the way of them that are foolish, and of those who after them approve their sayings.


15 Like sheep they are appointed for the nether-world;
death shall be their shepherd; {N}
and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning;
and their form shall be for the nether-world to wear away, that there be no habitation for it.
16 But God will redeem my soul from the power of the nether-world; for He shall receive me. Selah
17 Be not thou afraid when one waxeth rich, when the wealth of his house is increased;
18 For when he dieth he shall carry nothing away;
his wealth shall not descend after him.
19 Though while he lived he blessed his soul:

‘Men will praise thee, when thou shalt do well to thyself’;

20 It shall go to the generation of his fathers;
they shall never see the light.
21 Man that is in honour understandeth not;
he is like the beasts that perish. {P}