part 47.iv “thou art a holy people unto the LORD thy God”

Deuteronomy Chapter 14

1 Ye are the children of the LORD your God:
ye shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead. 2 For thou art a holy people unto the LORD thy God, and the LORD hath chosen thee to be His own treasure out of all peoples that are upon the face of the earth.
{S} 3 Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing. 4 These are the beasts which ye may eat:
the ox, the sheep, and the goat, 5 the hart, and the gazelle, and the roebuck, and the wild goat, and the pygarg, and the antelope, and the mountain-sheep. 6 And every beast that parteth the hoof, and hath the hoof wholly cloven in two, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that ye may eat. 7 Nevertheless these ye shall not eat of them that only chew the cud, or of them that only have the hoof cloven: the camel, and the hare, and the rock-badger, because they chew the cud but part not the hoof, they are unclean unto you; 8 and the swine, because he parteth the hoof but cheweth not the cud, he is unclean unto you; of their flesh ye shall not eat, and their carcasses ye shall not touch.
{S} 9 These ye may eat of all that are in the waters:
whatsoever hath fins and scales may ye eat; 10 and whatsoever hath not fins and scales ye shall not eat; it is unclean unto you.
{S} 11 Of all clean birds ye may eat. 12 But these are they of which ye shall not eat: the great vulture, and the bearded vulture, and the ospray; 13 and the glede, and the falcon, and the kite after its kinds; 14 and every raven after its kinds; 15 and the ostrich, and the night-hawk, and the sea-mew, and the hawk after its kinds; 16 the little owl, and the great owl, and the horned owl; 17 and the pelican, and the carrion-vulture, and the cormorant; 18 and the stork, and the heron after its kinds, and the hoopoe, and the bat. 19 And all winged swarming things are unclean unto you; they shall not be eaten. 20 Of all clean winged things ye may eat. 21 Ye shall not eat of any thing that dieth of itself; thou mayest give it unto the stranger that is within thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto a foreigner; for thou art a holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in its mother’s milk. {P}

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Writings:Ezra 4 “the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard”

Ezra Chapter 4

1 Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the children of the captivity were building a temple unto the LORD, the God of Israel; 2 then they drew near to Zerubbabel, and to the heads of fathers’ houses, and said unto them:

‘Let us build with you; for we seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto Him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us up hither.’

3 But Zerubbabel, and Jeshua, and the rest of the heads of fathers’ houses of Israel, said unto them:

‘Ye have nothing to do with us to build a house unto our God; but we ourselves together will build unto the LORD, the God of Israel, as king Cyrus the king of Persia hath commanded us.’

4 Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of Judah, and harried them while they were building, 5 and hired counsellors against them, to frustrate their purpose, all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia. 6 And in the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, wrote they an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.
{S} 7 And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of his companions, unto Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the writing of the letter was written in the Aramaic character, and set forth in the Aramaic tongue. {P}

8 Rehum the commander and Shimshai the scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem to Artaxerxes the king in this sort–

9 then wrote Rehum the commander, and Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their companions; the Dinites, and the Apharesattechites, the Tarpelites, the Apharesites, the Archevites, the Babylonians, the Shushanchites, the Dehites, the Elamites, 10 and the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Asenappar brought over, and set in the city of Samaria, and the rest that are in the country beyond the River:–‘

And now–

11 this is the copy of the letter that they sent unto him, even unto Artaxerxes the king–

thy servants the men beyond the River–

and now {P}

12 be it known unto the king, that the Jews that came up from thee are come to us unto Jerusalem; they are building the rebellious and the bad city, and have finished the walls, and are digging out the foundations. 13 Be it known now unto the king, that, if this city be builded, and the walls finished, they will not pay tribute, impost, or toll, and so thou wilt endamage the revenue of the kings. 14 Now because we eat the salt of the palace, and it is not meet for us to see the king’s dishonour, therefore have we sent and announced to the king, 15 that search may be made in the book of the records of thy fathers; so shalt thou find in the book of the records, and know that this city is a rebellious city, and hurtful unto kings and provinces, and that they have moved sedition within the same of old time; for which cause was this city laid waste. 16 We announce to the king that, if this city be builded, and the walls finished, by this means thou shalt have no portion beyond the River.’ {P}

17 Then sent the king an answer unto Rehum the commander, and to Shimshai the scribe, and to the rest of their companions that dwell in Samaria, and unto the rest beyond the River:

‘Peace, and now {S} 18 the letter which ye sent unto us hath been plainly read before me. 19 And I decreed, and search hath been made, and it is found that this city of old time hath made insurrection against kings, and that rebellion and sedition have been made therein. 20 There have been mighty kings also over Jerusalem, who have ruled over all the country beyond the River; and tribute, impost, and toll, was paid unto them. 21 Make ye now a decree to cause these men to cease, and that this city be not builded, until a decree shall be made by me. 22 And take heed that ye be not slack herein; why should damage grow to the hurt of the kings?’

{S} 23 Then when the copy of king Artaxerxes’ letter was read before Rehum, and Shimshai the scribe, and their companions, they went in haste to Jerusalem unto the Jews, and made them to cease by force and power.
{S} 24 Then ceased the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem; and it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia. {P}

part 47.iii “inquire not after their gods”

Deuteronomy 12,{S} 29 When the LORD thy God shall cut off the nations from before thee, whither thou goest in to dispossess them, and thou dispossessest them, and dwellest in their land; 30 take heed to thyself that thou be not ensnared to follow them, after that they are destroyed from before thee; and that thou inquire not after their gods, saying:

‘How used these nations to serve their gods? even so will I do likewise.’

31 Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God; for every abomination to the LORD, which He hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters do they burn in the fire to their gods.

Deuteronomy Chapter 13

1 All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. {P}

2 If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams–

and he give thee a sign or a wonder, 3 and the sign or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spoke unto thee–

saying:

‘Let us go after other gods, which thou hast not known, and let us serve them’;

4 thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or unto that dreamer of dreams; for the LORD your God putteth you to proof, to know whether ye do love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. 5 After the LORD your God shall ye walk, and Him shall ye fear, and His commandments shall ye keep, and unto His voice shall ye hearken, and Him shall ye serve, and unto Him shall ye cleave. 6 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he hath spoken perversion against the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the house of bondage, to draw thee aside out of the way which the LORD thy God commanded thee to walk in. So shalt thou put away the evil from the midst of thee.
{S} 7 If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, that is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying:

‘Let us go and serve other gods,’

which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers; 8 of the gods of the peoples that are round about you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth; 9 thou shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken unto him; neither shall thine eye pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither shalt thou conceal him; 10 but thou shalt surely kill him; thy hand shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterwards the hand of all the people. 11 And thou shalt stone him with stones, that he die; because he hath sought to draw thee away from the LORD thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 12 And all Israel shall hear, and fear, and shall do no more any such wickedness as this is in the midst of thee.
{S} 13 If thou shalt hear tell concerning one of thy cities, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to dwell there, saying:

14 ‘Certain base fellows are gone out from the midst of thee, and have drawn away the inhabitants of their city, saying: Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known’;

15 then shalt thou inquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought in the midst of thee; 16 thou shalt surely smite the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, destroying it utterly, and all that is therein and the cattle thereof, with the edge of the sword. 17 And thou shalt gather all the spoil of it into the midst of the broad place thereof, and shall burn with fire the city, and all the spoil thereof every whit, unto the LORD thy God; and it shall be a heap for ever; it shall not be built again. 18 And there shall cleave nought of the devoted thing to thy hand, that the LORD may turn from the fierceness of His anger, and show thee mercy, and have compassion upon thee, and multiply thee, as He hath sworn unto thy fathers; 19 when thou shalt hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep all His commandments which I command thee this day, to do that which is right in the eyes of the LORD thy God. {S}

Writings:Ezra 3 “for His mercy endureth for ever toward Israel”

Ezra Chapter 3

1 And when the seventh month was come, and the children of Israel were in the cities,
{S} the people gathered themselves together as one man to Jerusalem.
{S} 2 Then stood up Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and his brethren, and builded the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt-offerings thereon, as it is written in the Law of Moses the man of God. 3 And they set the altar upon its bases; for fear was upon them because of the people of the countries, and they offered burnt-offerings thereon unto the LORD, even burnt-offerings morning and evening. 4 And they kept the feast of tabernacles, as it is written, and offered the daily burnt-offerings by number, according to the ordinance, as the duty of every day required; 5 and afterward the continual burnt-offering, and the offerings of the new moons, and of all the appointed seasons of the LORD that were hallowed, and of every one that willingly offered a freewill-offering unto the LORD. 6 From the first day of the seventh month began they to offer burnt-offerings unto the LORD; but the foundation of the temple of the LORD was not yet laid. 7 They gave money also unto the hewers, and to the carpenters; and food, and drink, and oil, unto them of Zidon, and to them of Tyre, to bring cedar-trees from Lebanon to the sea, unto Joppa, according to the grant that they had of Cyrus king of Persia. {P}

8 Now in the second year of their coming unto the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second month, began Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and the rest of their brethren the priests and the Levites, and all they that were come out of the captivity unto Jerusalem; and appointed the Levites, from twenty years old and upward, to have the oversight of the work of the house of the LORD. {P}

9 Then stood Jeshua with his sons and his brethren, and Kadmiel and his sons, the sons of Judah, together, to have the oversight of the workmen in the house of God;
{S} the sons of Henadad also, with their sons and their brethren the Levites. 10 And when the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the LORD, they set the priests in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to praise the LORD, according to the direction of David king of Israel. 11 And they sang one to another in praising and giving thanks unto the LORD:

‘for He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever toward Israel.’

And all the people shouted with a great shout, when they praised the LORD, because the foundation of the house of the LORD was laid.
{S} 12 But many of the priests and Levites and heads of fathers’ houses, the old men that had seen the first house standing on its foundation, wept with a loud voice, when this house was before their eyes; and many shouted aloud for joy; 13 so that the people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from the noise of the weeping of the people; for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the noise was heard afar off. {P}

part 47.ii “the LORD your God shall choose to cause His name to dwell there”

Deuteronomy 12,11 then it shall come to pass that the place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause His name to dwell there, thither shall ye bring all that I command you:
your burnt-offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD. 12 And ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God, ye, and your sons, and your daughters, and your men-servants, and your maid-servants, and the Levite that is within your gates, forasmuch as he hath no portion nor inheritance with you. 13 Take heed to thyself that thou offer not thy burnt-offerings in every place that thou seest; 14 but in the place which the LORD shall choose in one of thy tribes, there thou shalt offer thy burnt-offerings, and there thou shalt do all that I command thee. 15 Notwithstanding thou mayest kill and eat flesh within all thy gates, after all the desire of thy soul, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which He hath given thee; the unclean and the clean may eat thereof, as of the gazelle, and as of the hart. 16 Only ye shall not eat the blood; thou shalt pour it out upon the earth as water. 17 Thou mayest not eat within thy gates the tithe of thy corn, or of thy wine, or of thine oil, or the firstlings of thy herd or of thy flock, nor any of thy vows which thou vowest, nor thy freewill-offerings, nor the offering of thy hand; 18 but thou shalt eat them before the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, and the Levite that is within thy gates; and thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God in all that thou puttest thy hand unto. 19 Take heed to thyself that thou forsake not the Levite as long as thou livest upon thy land.
{S} 20 When the LORD thy God shall enlarge thy border, as He hath promised thee, and thou shalt say:

‘I will eat flesh’,

because thy soul desireth to eat flesh; thou mayest eat flesh, after all the desire of thy soul. 21 If the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to put His name there be too far from thee, then thou shalt kill of thy herd and of thy flock, which the LORD hath given thee, as I have commanded thee, and thou shalt eat within thy gates, after all the desire of thy soul. 22 Howbeit as the gazelle and as the hart is eaten, so thou shalt eat thereof; the unclean and the clean may eat thereof alike. 23 Only be stedfast in not eating the blood; for the blood is the life; and thou shalt not eat the life with the flesh. 24 Thou shalt not eat it; thou shalt pour it out upon the earth as water. 25 Thou shalt not eat it; that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, when thou shalt do that which is right in the eyes of the LORD. 26 Only thy holy things which thou hast, and thy vows, thou shalt take, and go unto the place which the LORD shall choose; 27 and thou shalt offer thy burnt-offerings, the flesh and the blood, upon the altar of the LORD thy God; and the blood of thy sacrifices shall be poured out against the altar of the LORD thy God, and thou shalt eat the flesh. 28 Observe and hear all these words which I command thee, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee for ever, when thou doest that which is good and right in the eyes of the LORD thy God.

Writings:Ezra 2 “who came with Zerubbabel”

Ezra Chapter 2

1 Now these are the children of the province, that went up out of the captivity of those that had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and that returned unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city; 2 who came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel:
{S} 3 The children of Parosh, two thousand a hundred seventy and two.
{S} 4 The children of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy and two.
{S} 5 The children of Arah, seven hundred seventy and five.
{S} 6 The children of Pahath-moab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve.
{S} 7 The children of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
{S} 8 The children of Zattu, nine hundred forty and five.
{S} 9 The children of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore.
{S} 10 The children of Bani, six hundred forty and two.
{S} 11 The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty and three.
{S} 12 The children of Azgad, a thousand two hundred twenty and two.
{S} 13 The children of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and six.
{S} 14 The children of Bigvai, two thousand fifty and six.
{S} 15 The children of Adin, four hundred fifty and four.
{S} 16 The children of Ater, of Hezekiah, ninety and eight.
{S} 17 The children of Bezai, three hundred twenty and three.
{S} 18 The children of Jorah, a hundred and twelve.
{S} 19 The children of Hashum, two hundred twenty and three.
{S} 20 The children of Gibbar, ninety and five.
{S} 21 The children of Beth-lehem, a hundred twenty and three.
{S} 22 The men of Netophah, fifty and six. 23 The men of Anathoth, a hundred twenty and eight.
{S} 24 The children of Azmaveth, forty and two.
{S} 25 The children of Kiriath-arim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty and three. {S} 26 The children of Ramah and Geba, six hundred twenty and one.
{S} 27 The men of Michmas, a hundred twenty and two.
{S} 28 The men of Beth-el and Ai, two hundred twenty and three.
{S} 29 The children of Nebo, fifty and two.
{S} 30 The children of Magbish, a hundred fifty and six.
{S} 31 The children of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
{S} 32 The children of Harim, three hundred and twenty.
{S} 33 The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and five.
{S} 34 The children of Jericho, three hundred forty and five.
{S} 35 The children of Senaah, three thousand and six hundred and thirty.
{S} 36 The priests:
the children of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three.
{S} 37 The children of Immer, a thousand fifty and two.
{S} 38 The children of Pashhur, a thousand two hundred forty and seven.
{S} 39 The children of Harim, a thousand and seventeen.
{S} 40 The Levites:
the children of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the children of Hodaviah, seventy and four.
{S} 41 The singers:
the children of Asaph, a hundred twenty and eight. {P}

42 The children of the porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, in all a hundred thirty and nine. {P}
43 The Nethinim:
the children of Ziha, the children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth; 44 the children of Keros, the children of Siaha, the children of Padon; 45 the children of Lebanah, the children of Hagabah, the children of Akkub; 46 the children of Hagab, the children of Salmai, the children of Hanan; 47 the children of Giddel, the children of Gahar, the children of Reaiah; 48 the children of Rezin, the children of Nekoda, the children of Gazzam; 49 the children of Uzza, the children of Paseah, the children of Besai; 50 the children of Asnah, the children of Meunim, the children of Nephusim; 51 the children of Bakbuk, the children of Hakupha, the children of Harhur; 52 the children of Bazluth, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha; 53 the children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Temah; 54 the children of Neziah, the children of Hatipha. 55 The children of Solomon’s servants:
the children of Sotai, the children of Hassophereth, the children of Peruda; 56 the children of Jaalah, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel; 57 the children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of Pochereth-hazzebaim, the children of Ami. 58 All the Nethinim, and the children of Solomon’s servants, were three hundred ninety and two.
{S} 59 And these were they that went up from Tel-melah, Tel-harsa, Cherub, Addan, and Immer; but they could not tell their fathers’ houses, and their seed, whether they were of Israel:
60 the children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two.
{S} 61 And of the children of the priests:
the children of Habaiah, the children of Hakkoz, the children of Barzillai, who took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name. 62 These sought their register, that is, the genealogy, but it was not found; therefore were they deemed polluted and put from the priesthood. 63 And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim. 64 The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore, 65 beside their men-servants and their maid-servants, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven; and they had two hundred singing men and singing women. 66 Their horses were seven hundred thirty and six; their mules, two hundred forty and five; 67 their camels, four hundred thirty and five; their asses, six thousand seven hundred and twenty. {P}
68 And some of the heads of fathers’ houses, when they came to the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem, offered willingly for the house of God to set it up in its place; 69 they gave after their ability into the treasury of the work threescore and one thousand darics of gold,
{S} and five thousand pounds of silver, and one hundred priests’ tunics.
{S} 70 So the priests, and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinim, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel in their cities. {S}