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Torah Parsha 18

Abib 18 Feast of Unleavened Bread Day 4 Omer count 2

Torah Perpetuah portion 18

Exodus Chapter 21 שְׁמוֹת

לב אִם-עֶבֶד יִגַּח הַשּׁוֹר, אוֹ אָמָה–כֶּסֶף שְׁלֹשִׁים שְׁקָלִים, יִתֵּן לַאדֹנָיו, וְהַשּׁוֹר, יִסָּקֵל. {ס}32

If the ox gore a bondman or a bondwoman, he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. {S}

לג וְכִי-יִפְתַּח אִישׁ בּוֹר, אוֹ כִּי-יִכְרֶה אִישׁ בֹּר–וְלֹא יְכַסֶּנּוּ; וְנָפַל-שָׁמָּה שּׁוֹר, אוֹ חֲמוֹר.33

And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein,

לד בַּעַל הַבּוֹר יְשַׁלֵּם, כֶּסֶף יָשִׁיב לִבְעָלָיו; וְהַמֵּת, יִהְיֶה-לּוֹ. {ס}34

the owner of the pit shall make it good; he shall give money unto the owner of them, and the dead beast shall be his. {S}

לה וְכִי-יִגֹּף שׁוֹר-אִישׁ אֶת-שׁוֹר רֵעֵהוּ, וָמֵת–וּמָכְרוּ אֶת-הַשּׁוֹר הַחַי, וְחָצוּ אֶת-כַּסְפּוֹ, וְגַם אֶת-הַמֵּת, יֶחֱצוּן.35

And if one man’s ox hurt another’s, so that it dieth; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the price of it; and the dead also they shall divide.

לו אוֹ נוֹדַע, כִּי שׁוֹר נַגָּח הוּא מִתְּמוֹל שִׁלְשֹׁם, וְלֹא יִשְׁמְרֶנּוּ, בְּעָלָיו–שַׁלֵּם יְשַׁלֵּם שׁוֹר תַּחַת הַשּׁוֹר, וְהַמֵּת יִהְיֶה-לּוֹ. {ס}36

Or if it be known that the ox was wont to gore in time past, and its owner hath not kept it in; he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead beast shall be his own. {S}

לז כִּי יִגְנֹב-אִישׁ שׁוֹר אוֹ-שֶׂה, וּטְבָחוֹ אוֹ מְכָרוֹ–חֲמִשָּׁה בָקָר, יְשַׁלֵּם תַּחַת הַשּׁוֹר, וְאַרְבַּע-צֹאן, תַּחַת הַשֶּׂה.37

If a man steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it, he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Exodus Chapter 22 שְׁמוֹת

א אִם-בַּמַּחְתֶּרֶת יִמָּצֵא הַגַּנָּב, וְהֻכָּה וָמֵת–אֵין לוֹ, דָּמִים.1

If a thief be found breaking in, and be smitten so that he dieth, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him.

ב אִם-זָרְחָה הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ עָלָיו, דָּמִים לוֹ: שַׁלֵּם יְשַׁלֵּם–אִם-אֵין לוֹ, וְנִמְכַּר בִּגְנֵבָתוֹ.2

If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be bloodguiltiness for him–

he shall make restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

ג אִם-הִמָּצֵא תִמָּצֵא בְיָדוֹ הַגְּנֵבָה, מִשּׁוֹר עַד-חֲמוֹר עַד-שֶׂה–חַיִּים: שְׁנַיִם, יְשַׁלֵּם. {ס}3

If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall pay double. {S}

ד כִּי יַבְעֶר-אִישׁ, שָׂדֶה אוֹ-כֶרֶם, וְשִׁלַּח אֶת-בְּעִירֹה, וּבִעֵר בִּשְׂדֵה אַחֵר–מֵיטַב שָׂדֵהוּ וּמֵיטַב כַּרְמוֹ, יְשַׁלֵּם. {ס}4

If a man cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall let his beast loose, and it feed in another man’s field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution. {S}

ה כִּי-תֵצֵא אֵשׁ וּמָצְאָה קֹצִים, וְנֶאֱכַל גָּדִישׁ, אוֹ הַקָּמָה, אוֹ הַשָּׂדֶה–שַׁלֵּם יְשַׁלֵּם, הַמַּבְעִר אֶת-הַבְּעֵרָה. {ס}5

If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the shocks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field are consumed; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution. {S}

ו כִּי-יִתֵּן אִישׁ אֶל-רֵעֵהוּ כֶּסֶף אוֹ-כֵלִים, לִשְׁמֹר, וְגֻנַּב, מִבֵּית הָאִישׁ–אִם-יִמָּצֵא הַגַּנָּב, יְשַׁלֵּם שְׁנָיִם.6

If a man deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man’s house; if the thief be found, he shall pay double.

ז אִם-לֹא יִמָּצֵא הַגַּנָּב, וְנִקְרַב בַּעַל-הַבַּיִת אֶל-הָאֱלֹהִים: אִם-לֹא שָׁלַח יָדוֹ, בִּמְלֶאכֶת רֵעֵהוּ.7

If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall come near unto God, to see whether he have not put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods.

ח עַל-כָּל-דְּבַר-פֶּשַׁע עַל-שׁוֹר עַל-חֲמוֹר עַל-שֶׂה עַל-שַׂלְמָה עַל-כָּל-אֲבֵדָה, אֲשֶׁר יֹאמַר כִּי-הוּא זֶה–עַד הָאֱלֹהִים, יָבֹא דְּבַר-שְׁנֵיהֶם: אֲשֶׁר יַרְשִׁיעֻן אֱלֹהִים, יְשַׁלֵּם שְׁנַיִם לְרֵעֵהוּ. {ס}8

For every matter of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, whereof one saith:

‘This is it,’

the cause of both parties shall come before God; he whom God shall condemn shall pay double unto his neighbour. {S}

ט כִּי-יִתֵּן אִישׁ אֶל-רֵעֵהוּ חֲמוֹר אוֹ-שׁוֹר אוֹ-שֶׂה, וְכָל-בְּהֵמָה–לִשְׁמֹר; וּמֵת אוֹ-נִשְׁבַּר אוֹ-נִשְׁבָּה, אֵין רֹאֶה.9

If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep, and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it;

י שְׁבֻעַת יְהוָה, תִּהְיֶה בֵּין שְׁנֵיהֶם–אִם-לֹא שָׁלַח יָדוֹ, בִּמְלֶאכֶת רֵעֵהוּ; וְלָקַח בְּעָלָיו, וְלֹא יְשַׁלֵּם.10

the oath of the LORD shall be between them both, to see whether he have not put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods; and the owner thereof shall accept it, and he shall not make restitution.

יא וְאִם-גָּנֹב יִגָּנֵב, מֵעִמּוֹ–יְשַׁלֵּם, לִבְעָלָיו.11

But if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.



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